Male Pattern Hair Loss

Androgenetic alopecia, commonly known as male pattern baldness, is a condition marked by progressive hair loss in men. It typically starts with a receding hairline and thinning at the crown, leading to varying degrees of baldness. The condition is primarily driven by genetics and male hormones. The onset and progression rate can differ, but it’s more common in the later decades of life.

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Key Points

What is male pattern baldness (AGA)?

Male pattern baldness is a hair loss condition influenced by male hormones and genetic predisposition. It manifests as a receding hairline and thinning on the scalp, following a specific pattern.

Who gets male pattern baldness (AGA)?

It mainly affects men, with increased likelihood as they age. Early signs can appear in the late teens, but it’s more typical in older men. A family history of baldness raises the risk of developing AGA.

Clinical features

AGA presents as a receding hairline and thinning at the crown, which may progress to more extensive baldness. The rate of hair loss varies among individuals.

Diagnosis and differential diagnosis

Diagnosis is based on the pattern of hair loss and family history. A dermatologist may conduct a scalp examination. It’s differentiated from other hair loss types like telogen effluvium or alopecia areata.

Impact and complications

AGA can significantly impact psychological well-being, affecting self-esteem and confidence. While it has no direct physical health implications, the emotional impact can be considerable in some men.

Causes and triggers of male pattern baldness (AGA)

There is a strong genetic predisposition associated with the condition, indicating that heredity plays a crucial role in its development. Additionally, androgens, which are male hormones, significantly influence the development of Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA), highlighting the impact of hormonal factors on this hair loss condition.

Treatment Options for male pattern baldness (AGA)

The approach to managing AGA centers on slowing hair loss and promoting hair growth. Topical treatments, such as minoxidil, are used to stimulate hair growth. Oral treatments, including finasteride and dutasteride, aim to target the hormonal effects that contribute to hair loss. For more advanced cases, hair transplant surgery may present as an effective solution in some. PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) therapy, which involves injecting platelet-rich plasma into the scalp, is another method used to stimulate hair growth with increasing evidence for its use.  It’s important to note that the efficacy of treatments varies and can depend on severity and individual factors.

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